Here are some of the commonly used in Git:
git status – displays modified files and staged files.
git commit – commits all staged files to current remote branch
git log – history of commits in the current branch
git show <commit-number> – displays commit information for a particular commit.
git show-branch – one line summary of current branch
git diff <commit-number1> <commit-number2> – difference of two commits
git mv old-file-name new-file-name – renames a file / directory, retains all commit history.
git clone <repository_name> <workspace_name> – makes a full copy of a repository